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Yankee Gardener's Kitchen Chart

For best cooking results, use the ingredients as specified in your recipe.
But when you are in a bind, as we sometimes find ourselves in,
this helpful chart can help you find a substitute ingredient for your recipe.

Dairy Products Baking Products Seasoning Products Liquid Products Ethnic Foods

"Dairy Products"

Ingredient Emergency Substitution
Buttermilk, 1 cup 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon plus enough milk to make 1 cup.
Let stand for 5 minutes before using.
Sour Cream, 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt
Half-and-half, 1 cup 7/8 cup milk plus 3 tablespoons butter
Yogurt (plain), 1 cup 1 cup sour cream
Eggs, 2 large 3 small eggs
Whole Milk, 1 cup 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water
Asiago Parmesan cheese
Ricotta Cottage cheese
Light Cream, 1 cup 2 tablespoons butter, plus 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons milk

"Baking Products"

Emergency Substitution
Active Dry Yeast, 1 package 2 1/2 teaspoons dry or 1/3 cake yeast, crumbled
Baking powder, 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
Cake flour, 1 cup 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Cornstarch, 1 tablespoon 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Flour, 1 tablespoon (for thickening) 1 1/2 teaspoons cornstarch
Honey, 1 cup 1 1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid
Self rising flour (1 cup) 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
plus 1/2 teaspoons salt
Semisweet Chocolate, 1 ounce 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar
Semisweet Chocolate chips, 1/2 cup 3 ounces semisweet chocolate
Unsweetened Chocolate, 1 ounce 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoon margarine
Powdered Sugar, 1 cup 1 cup sugar plus 1 cup cornstarch processed in food processor
Tapioca, 1 tablespoon 1 1/2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Gelatin, 1 sheet one 1/4 ounce envelope unflavored powdered gelatin

"Seasoning Products"

Ingredient Emergency Substitution
Lemon Peel, 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract
Mustard, dry, 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon prepared mustard
Fresh Herbs, 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon dried herbs
Garlic, 1 clove 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder or minced dried garlic
Fresh Gingerroot, 1 tablespoon 1/8 teaspoon ground ginger
Vanilla Bean, 1 inch 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
Allspice, 1 teaspoon ground 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon plus 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
Apple Pie Spice, 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon plus 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
plus 1/8 teaspoon ground cardamom
Pumpkin Pie Spice 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon plus 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger
plus 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice plus 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg
Fish sauce Worcestershire sauce or light soy sauce with salt
Saffron , 1/8 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon turmeric
Asian Basil equal amount any fresh basil variety
Tomato Sauce, 2 cups 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
Tomato juice, 1 cup 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
Onion, 1 small 1 teaspoon onion powder
or 1 tablespoon minced dried onion, rehydrated

"Liquid Products"

Ingredient Emergency Substitution
Lemon, 1 medium (fresh juice) 2 to 3 tablespoons bottled lemon juice
Orange, 1 medium (fresh juice) 1/4 to 1/3 cup orange juice
Amaretto, 2 tablespoons 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon almond extract
Sherry, 2 tablespoons 1 to 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
Marsala, 1/4 cup 1/4 cup dry wine plus 1 teaspoon brandy
White Wine White Grape Juice or Apple Juice
Red wine , 1/4 cup 1 tablespoon balsamic or red wine vinegar
Tomato juice, 1 cup 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water

"Ethnic Foods"

Emergency Substitution
Fish sauce Worcestershire sauce or light soy sauce with salt
Asian Basil equal amount any fresh basil variety
Banana Leaves (as wrappers) foil, fresh corn husks, ti leaves, or parchment paper
Chinese or Thai Bean Sauce Vietnamese soybean sauce
Candlenuts raw Brazil or macadamia nuts
Thai Chiles bottled chile sauce, ground dried chile, or dried chile flakes
Galanga Fresh Ginger
Jasmine Essence banana essence or rose or orange flower water or extract
Kaffir Lime Leaves Domestic lime or lemon leaves or equal amount of grated lemon zest
moistened with a bit of fresh lemon juice
Lemon Grass Equal amount of grated lemon zest moistened with a bit of fresh lemon juice
Palm Sugar Maple sugar or brown sugar blended with a little maple syrup to moisten
Pandan Essence Screwpine Leaves
Rice Paper Wrappers Freshly made thin crepes
Screwpine Leaves Pandan Essence (use very sparingly)
Shallots, 1/2 dozen Red Spanish Onion or 1 tablespoon minced dried onion, rehydrated
Shrimp Paste Anchovy Paste
Sweet Soy Sauce 1 part soy sauce to 2 parts palm sugar boiled until syrupy, then cooled

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